Rehabilitative management of patients with disorders of consciousness: grand rounds

J Head Trauma Rehabil. May-Jun 2004;19(3):254-65. doi: 10.1097/00001199-200405000-00006.


Background: There are no standards of care to guide the selection of rehabilitation assessment and treatment procedures for patients with disorders of consciousness. Recently, consensus-based recommendations for management of patients in the vegetative and minimally conscious states have been developed and disseminated in neurology and neurorehabilitation. This is an important first step toward achieving evidence-based guidelines of care.

Objective: Using a "Grand Rounds" format, we illustrate the application of consensus-based diagnostic, prognostic, and treatment recommendations in a patient who sustained severe traumatic brain injury with prolonged alteration in consciousness. After discussing the salient features of the case, we summarize the basic tenets of clinical care for this population.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Clinical Conference

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amantadine / therapeutic use
  • Behavior
  • Bromocriptine / therapeutic use
  • Coma, Post-Head Injury / diagnosis
  • Coma, Post-Head Injury / rehabilitation
  • Coma, Post-Head Injury / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Prognosis


  • Bromocriptine
  • Amantadine