Injuries to the visceral arteries

Surgery. 1978 Dec;84(6):835-9.


Injuries of the major visceral arteries are among the more difficult to manage and rarely occur without serious associated injuries. Sixty-six patients are presented with injuries to the celiac, superior, and inferior mesenteric arteries. Fifty-three injuries resulted from gunshot wounds, nine from stab wounds, and four from blunt trauma. Operative management included vessel ligation in 11 patients, arteriorrhaphy in 43, resection and end-to-end anastomosis in six, Dacron graft interposition in four, and aortic reimplantation in two. Twenty-three patients died, 16 from failure to control hemorrhage. In two patients failure to restore adequate visceral circulation resulted in bowel ischemia and infarction. The successful management of patients with visceral arterial injuries is dependent upon rapid and adequate exposure followed by primary repair or revascularization utilizing available surgical techniques.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis
  • Celiac Artery / injuries*
  • Celiac Artery / surgery
  • Child
  • Female
  • Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Humans
  • Ligation
  • Male
  • Mesenteric Arteries / injuries*
  • Mesenteric Arteries / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Polyethylene Terephthalates
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Wounds, Gunshot / surgery
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / surgery
  • Wounds, Stab / surgery


  • Polyethylene Terephthalates