Home-based exercise improves functional performance and quality of life in women with diastolic heart failure

Heart Lung. Jul-Aug 2004;33(4):210-8. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2004.01.004.

Abstract

Background: Diastolic heart failure (DHF) is common in older women. There have been no clinical trials that have identified therapies to improve symptoms in these patients. A total of 32 women with New York Heart Association class II and III DHF (left ventricular ejection fraction >45% and symptoms of dyspnea or fatigue) were randomized into a 12-week home-based, low-to-moderate intensity (40% and 60%, respectively) exercise and education program (intervention) or education only program (control). Methods and results The intervention group improved in the 6-minute walk test from 840 +/- 366 ft to 1043 +/- 317 ft versus 824 +/- 367 ft to 732 +/- 408 ft in the control group (P =.002). Quality of life also improved in the intervention group compared with the control group as measured by the Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (41 +/- 26 to 24 +/- 18 vs 27 +/- 18 to 28 +/- 22 at 12 weeks, P =.002; 24 +/- 18 to 19 +/- 18 vs 28 +/- 22 to 32 +/- 27 at the 3-month follow-up, P =.014) and the Geriatric Depression Scale (6 +/- 4 to 4 +/- 4 vs 5 +/- 3 to 7 +/- 5 at 12 weeks, P =.012; 4 +/- 4 to 4 +/- 4 vs 7 +/- 5 to 7 +/- 5 at the 3-month follow-up, P =.009).

Conclusions: Women with DHF exhibit significant comorbidities and physical limitations. Home-based, low-to-moderate intensity exercise, in addition to education, is an effective strategy for improving the functional capacity and quality of life in women with DHF. Further study is needed to assess the long-term effect of exercise on clinical outcomes.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Depression / physiopathology
  • Diastole
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Exercise Tolerance
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Failure / epidemiology
  • Heart Failure / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • North Carolina / epidemiology
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Physical Endurance
  • Psychomotor Performance*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Research Design
  • Risk Factors
  • Sickness Impact Profile
  • Stroke Volume
  • Walking
  • Women's Health