Vertical facial distraction in the treatment of arhinia

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2004 Jun;113(7):2061-6. doi: 10.1097/01.prs.0000122218.78595.97.


Arhinia is a rare congenital malformation characterized by lack of the formation of external and internal nasal structures. Restricted midfacial growth is secondary to the loss of the midfacial growth centers. Staged reconstruction of the nasal passage and external nose is required. Vertical distraction osteogenesis is a beneficial step in the overall reconstructive program. This provides for additional bone and soft tissue for both improved aesthetic facial proportions and later surgical interventions.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Facial Bones / abnormalities
  • Facial Bones / diagnostic imaging
  • Facial Bones / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Lacrimal Apparatus / abnormalities
  • Male
  • Maxilla / surgery
  • Maxillary Sinus / abnormalities
  • Nose / abnormalities*
  • Nose / diagnostic imaging
  • Orbit / abnormalities
  • Osteogenesis, Distraction*
  • Osteotomy, Le Fort
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed