Hepatic infarction following abdominal interventional procedures

Acta Med Okayama. 2004 Apr;58(2):97-106. doi: 10.18926/AMO/32095.


To clarify the incidence, background, and progress of hepatic infarction following interventional procedures, cases of hepatic infarction following interventional procedures at our department during the last decade were identified by reviewing the clinical records of 1982 abdominal angiography and interventional procedures and records of abdominal CT. Nine episodes (0.5%) in 8 patients were identified as hepatic infarction following an interventional procedure. Five episodes were preceded by embolization of the hepatic or celiac artery at emergency angiography for postoperative bleeding with hemorrhagic shock. Three episodes followed the elected interventional procedure for hepatocellular carcinoma, and the remaining episode occurred after 12 months of chemoinfusion through an indwelling catheter in the hepatic artery and portal vein. Hepatic arterial occlusion in all episodes and portal venous flow abnormality in 5 episodes were observed on angiography. Four patients whose liver function was initially impaired died of hepatic infarction, although the extent of the disease on CT did not appear to be related to the mortality. Multiple risk factors, including arterial insufficiency, were observed in each patient. The incidence of hepatic infarction following interventional procedures in this series was low but sometimes fatal, and occurred most frequently in emergency embolization in hemorrhagic shock.

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen / blood supply
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Angiography
  • Chemoembolization, Therapeutic / adverse effects*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infarction / epidemiology
  • Infarction / etiology*
  • Infarction / pathology
  • Liver / pathology*
  • Liver Diseases / epidemiology
  • Liver Diseases / etiology*
  • Liver Diseases / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed