Effect of yoga on cardiovascular system in subjects above 40 years

Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2003 Apr;47(2):202-6.


This study was conducted to examine the effect of yoga on cardiovascular function in subjects above 40 yrs of age. Pulse rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and Valsalva ratio were studied in 50 control subjects (not doing any type of physical exercise) and 50 study subjects who had been practicing yoga for 5 years. From the study it was observed that significant reduction in the pulse rate occurs in subjects practicing yoga (P<0.001). The difference in the mean values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure between study group and control group was also statistically significant (P<0.01 and P<0.001 respectively). The systolic and diastolic blood pressure showed significant positive correlation with age in the study group (r1 systolic= 0.631 and r1 diastolic = 0.610) as well as in the control group (r2 systolic = 0.981 and r2 diastolic = 0.864). The significance of difference between correlation coefficient of both the groups was also tested with the use of Z transformation and the difference was significant (Z systolic= 4.041 and Z diastolic= 2.901). Valsalva ratio was also found to be significantly higher in yoga practitioners than in controls (P<0.001). Our results indicate that yoga reduces the age related deterioration in cardiovascular functions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aging / physiology*
  • Blood Pressure / physiology*
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Heart Rate / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Valsalva Maneuver / physiology
  • Yoga*