Evaluation of p53 mutations in premalignant esophageal lesions and esophageal adenocarcinoma using laser capture microdissection

Mod Pathol. 2004 Nov;17(11):1323-7. doi: 10.1038/modpathol.3800231.


p53 mutations have been implicated in the development of esophageal malignancies. The purpose of this study was to assess more accurately the incidence and types of p53 mutations in Barrett's esophagus (BE) with and without dysplasia and in esophageal adenocarcinoma, using pure preparations of epithelial cells obtained by laser capture microdissection (LCM). Assays were performed on paraffin-embedded tissue samples of normal antrum and premalignant and malignant esophageal samples from 57 patients, including 16 controls, 10 with BE metaplasia alone, 20 with BE-associated dysplasia, and 11 with BE-associated adenocarcinoma. All tissues were processed for LCM. DNA was extracted from isolated cells, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed using oligonucleutide primers for exons 5-8 of p53. PCR products were processed for DNA sequencing. p53 sequence abnormalities were identified in 2/16 cases of normal antrum and regenerative/chemical gastritis, 1/10 cases of BE, 1/20 cases of BE with dysplasia, and 2/11 cases of adenocarcinomas. The abnormalities occurred in exons 7 and 8 in the form of point mutations. Our results, using LCM, show that p53 gene mutations are relatively rare in esophageal preneoplastic and neoplastic conditions. Only point mutations were detected, but no deletions/insertions were identified.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / genetics*
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Barrett Esophagus / genetics*
  • Barrett Esophagus / pathology
  • Base Sequence
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology
  • Genes, p53 / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Lasers
  • Microdissection
  • Paraffin Embedding
  • Point Mutation
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Precancerous Conditions / genetics*
  • Precancerous Conditions / pathology


  • Biomarkers, Tumor