Cystic echinococcosis of livestock and humans in central Sudan

Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2004 Jul;98(5):473-9. doi: 10.1179/000349804225003578.


New information was collected on cystic echinococcosis in livestock (camels, cattle and sheep) and humans in the central region of Sudan. The livestock data were collected in abattoir-based surveys in the towns of Omdurman, Tamboul and Wad Madani, between 1998 and 2001, and covered a total of 8205 animals. The highest prevalence of infection was found in the camels (44.6% of 242 infected), followed by the sheep (6.9% of 5595) and cattle (3.0% of 2368). Records were made of the sizes of the 1320 hydatid cysts detected in the livestock (907 in sheep, 71 in cattle, and 342 in camels), whether or not each cyst was fertile, and where it occurred in the body of the host. Cysts collected from cattle and camels where much more likely to be fertile (22% and 24%, respectively) than those from sheep (1%). Camels and cattle therefore appear to be the principal intermediate hosts for Echinococcus granulosus in central Sudan, whereas sheep apparently play a marginal role in transmission. In 2002, as a preliminary assessment of the public-health impact of the disease, 300 residents of a rural village 60 km west of Wad Madani were surveyed using a portable ultrasound scanner. Only one (0.33%) of the villagers investigated was found infected. The implications of these finding are discussed in terms of the various strains of E. granulosus and the role of each in human disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic / parasitology*
  • Camelus / parasitology
  • Cattle / parasitology
  • Cattle Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cattle Diseases / pathology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Echinococcosis / epidemiology*
  • Echinococcosis / pathology
  • Echinococcosis / veterinary*
  • Echinococcosis, Hepatic / epidemiology
  • Echinococcosis, Hepatic / pathology
  • Echinococcosis, Hepatic / veterinary
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Sheep / parasitology
  • Sheep Diseases / epidemiology
  • Sheep Diseases / pathology
  • Sudan / epidemiology