Chondral resurfacing and high tibial osteotomy in the varus knee

Am J Sports Med. Jul-Aug 2004;32(5):1243-9. doi: 10.1177/0363546503259301. Epub 2004 May 18.

Abstract

Background: Treatment of patients with degenerative knees and varus malalignment presents a difficult clinical problem.

Hypothesis: Combining a medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy with the microfracture chondral resurfacing procedure is a viable treatment option.

Study design: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data.

Methods: A group of 38 consecutive patients (mean age, 51.3 years; range, 34 to 72 years; 29 men and 10 women) with varus malalignment and chondral lesions who were treated with chondral resurfacing (an abrasion and microfracture technique) combined with a medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy. All patients had >5 degrees of varus malalignment. Patients were evaluated preoperatively with the Lysholm and Western Ontario & McMasters Universities Osteoarthritis Index scoring systems and at a minimum of 2 years follow-up.

Results: Thirty-three of 38 patients (87%) were available for 2-year follow-up (average, 45 months; range, 24 to 80 months). Lysholm scores improved from a preoperative score of 43.5 to 78.0 at follow-up; Western Ontario & McMasters Universities Osteoarthritis Index scores improved from 45.8 to 16.2. The average Tegner score was 5.0.

Conclusions: Combining a medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy with the microfracture chondral resurfacing procedure in the varus knee is an effective method of decreasing pain and increasing function at a minimum of 2 years follow-up.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Bone Malalignment / surgery*
  • Cartilage, Articular / surgery*
  • Debridement*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / surgery*
  • Osteotomy / methods*
  • Pain / etiology
  • Pain / surgery
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tibia / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome