The primary HCO3- uptake system in the cyanobacterium Synecocystis is the Na+-dependent transporter SbtA. SbtA and its homologues were identified and shown to display a common topology of ten transmembrane segments (TMSs). These proved to have arisen by an intragenic duplication event from an ancestral gene encoding a five TMS protein product. A region of SbtA shows sufficient similarity to 10 TMS ABC-type integral membrane transport proteins to suggest a common origin. Phylogenetic analyses of the SbtA family revealed two clusters of cyanobacterial homologues with all non-cyanobacterial family members outside of these two clusters. The tree topology suggests that SbtA family members display multiple transport functions.
Copyright 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel