The serotonin type 3(A) receptor (5-HT3(A)R) is a ligand-gated ion channel (LGIC) that modulates a diverse set of cognitive and physiological functions. The 5-HT3(A)R, as with other LGICs, is a pentameric ion channel comprising five glycoprotein subunits. Although the N-terminal of the 5-HT3(A)R contains three putative N-linked glycosylation sites, the importance of each glycosylation site has not yet been established. To address this question, we used tunicamycin treatment and site-directed mutagenesis to inhibit selectively N-linked glycosylation at each site and then examined the effects of these treatments on receptor expression and function in transiently transfected heterologous cells. We show that the murine 5-HT3(A)R is glycosylated and that each N-linked glycosylation site plays a role in receptor regulation. Our findings suggest that N109 is necessary for receptor assembly, whereas N174 and N190 are important for plasma membrane targeting and ligand binding. Furthermore, we demonstrate that each site is necessary for 5-HT3(A)R-mediated Ca(2+) influx. We conclude that N-glycosylation is a critical step in the maturation, trafficking, and function of the murine 5-HT3(A)R.
Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.