The adsorption of O2 on the Pt(111) surface, with particular emphasis on the influence of substrate temperature, has been studied by infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRAS). In the temperature range 30-90 K the IRAS spectra reveal three different molecular adsorption states. A physisorbed state appears below 40 K while chemisorbed peroxo- and superoxo-like states are observed in the whole temperature range, the characteristic vibrational frequencies are at full coverages of 16O2, 1543 cm(-1) and around 700 cm(-1) and 870 cm(-1), respectively. Flash heating from 30 K to 45 K reveal that the physisorbed state acts as a precursor to the superoxo chemisorption. Theoretical calculations suggest that peroxo molecules may occupy both fcc and hcp threefold sites on the Pt(111) surface. However, within the high resolution of the IRAS measurements we only observe one peroxo state in the temperature range 45-90 K, assigned to occupy the fcc site. The peroxo adsorption probability is significantly lower at 45 K than at 90 K, presumably due to reduced thermal activation from the physisorbed precursor state. A longer lifetime in this precursor state at the low temperature results in formation of larger superoxo islands already at low oxygen coverage.
(c) 2004 American Institute of Physics