Accuracy of atrial tachyarrhythmia detection in implantable devices with arrhythmia therapies

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2004 Jul;27(7):983-92. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8159.2004.00569.x.

Abstract

The clinical application of atrial tachyarrhythmia (AT) episode data stored by implantable devices is presently limited by the high proportion of inappropriate detection. We quantified the percentage of inappropriate AT detection in two implantable devices with AT diagnostics and therapies via meta-analysis of stored AT episodes from a number of clinical trials. The AT500 and GEM III AT, contain dual chamber logic to discriminate AT from ventricular tachycardia and far-field R wave (FFRW) oversensing using dual chamber bipolar electrograms. A subset of data from four clinical trials of 1,142 patients was considered. Manual analysis was performed on 21,553 stored episodes with atrial EGM and marker channel from 409 patients with stored episodes and the market-released device detection configuration. The percentage of episodes with inappropriate detection and termination was evaluated and compared between septal and nonseptal lead locations. The percentage of inappropriately detected episodes receiving ATP therapy was also determined. The percentage of episodes appropriately detected and the percentage of net episode duration (i.e., burden) recorded by the device were also determined from a separate analysis of 24-hour Holter recordings from a subset of 40 patients from one trial. Adjusted estimates of the percentage of appropriate [corrected] detection were 95.3% (93.5-96.7; 95% CI) for AT500 and 95.7% (84.3-98.9) for GEM III AT. Inappropriate detection was primarily due to FFRW oversensing or brief runs of premature atrial contractions (PACs). The device detected 100% of the sustained atrial arrhythmia episodes and 95.3% (range 76.1-99.9) of the net AT duration observed on the Holter recordings. AT detection was not influenced by atrial lead location. Appropriate detection of normal sinus rhythm at episode termination was 83.7% (80.7-86.3) for AT500 and 92.1% (84.5-96.2) for GEM III AT. Accurate detection and discrimination of FFRWs validates the reliability of AT diagnostic data and decreases the risk of inappropriate device therapy.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Atrial Fibrillation / diagnosis*
  • Atrial Fibrillation / therapy
  • Atrial Flutter / diagnosis*
  • Atrial Flutter / therapy
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Defibrillators, Implantable*
  • Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
  • Electrodes, Implanted
  • False Positive Reactions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sensitivity and Specificity