Comparison of results of two approaches to hip screening in infants

J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1992 Sep;74(5):701-3. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.74B5.1527116.


We compared the success of the screening programmes for congenital dislocation of the hip in two hospitals in the same district, as applied to 68,861 live births over 11 years. Both used only clinical tests on new-born infants. Screening was less successful when the tests were done by junior paediatric physicians than by senior physiotherapists supervised by an orthopaedic surgeon. Clinical screening can be highly effective provided that all babies are screened at birth, and high-risk cases are followed up by a properly trained team with a well-designed protocol.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • England / epidemiology
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / diagnosis
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / epidemiology
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / prevention & control*
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / therapy
  • Hip Joint / diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Mass Screening / methods*
  • Mass Screening / statistics & numerical data
  • Radiography
  • Risk Factors
  • Splints
  • Ultrasonography