In an approach to clone and characterize centromeric DNA sequences of Candida albicans by chromatin immunoprecipitation, we have used antibodies directed against an evolutionarily conserved histone H3-like protein, CaCse4p (CENP-A homolog). Sequence analysis of clones obtained by this procedure reveals that only eight relatively small regions (approximately 3 kb each) of the Can. albicans genome are selectively enriched. These CaCse4-bound sequences are located within 4- to 18-kb regions lacking ORFs and occur once in each of the eight chromosomes of Can. albicans. Binding of another evolutionarily conserved kinetochore protein, CaMif2p (CENP-C homolog), colocalizes with CaCse4p. Deletion of the CaCse4p-binding region of chromosome 7 results in a high rate of loss of the altered chromosome, confirming that CaCse4p, a centromeric histone in the CENP-A family, indeed identifies the functional centromeric DNA of Can. albicans. The CaCse4p-rich regions not only lack conserved DNA motifs of point (<400 bp) centromeres and repeated elements of regional (>40 kb) centromeres, but also each chromosome of Can. albicans contains a different and unique CaCse4p-rich centromeric DNA sequence, a centromeric property previously unobserved in other organisms.