Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate changes in ventricular volume, mass and cardiac function before and after creation of an atrial to pulmonary connection in patients with a univentricular atrioventricular connection.
Background: Intact systolic and diastolic performance is critical for successful establishment of an atrial dependent circulation, and few studies are available comparing cardiac performance before and after creation.
Methods: With the use of radionuclide blood pool imaging and ventricular cineangiography, 54 patients (mean age 6.4 +/- 3.4 years) were studied. Twenty-eight patients were investigated preoperatively and 36 greater than 1 year after repair and compared with a control population.
Results: Before operation, end-diastolic volume and wall mass were significantly increased compared with those of control subjects; however, the mass/volume ratio was normal (1.08 +/- 0.31 g/ml for the preoperative group; 0.97 +/- 0.19 for control subjects). Although end-diastolic volume returned to normal after the procedure, wall mass remained elevated and contributed to an elevated mass/volume ratio (1.20 +/- 0.38 g/ml). After the procedure, systemic vascular resistance index was significantly elevated compared with that before surgery or with that of control subjects (1,199 +/- 373, 2,120 +/- 645, 1,556 +/- 275 dynes.s.cm-5.m2: pre- and postrepair and control subjects, respectively). Radionuclide studies demonstrated that preoperative ejection fraction (52 +/- 9, 50 +/- 9, 60 +/- 8%), peak ejection (2.58 +/- 0.66, 2.95 +/- 0.81, 3.73 +/- 0.70 EDV/s) and peak filling rates (2.84 +/- 0.75, 2.75 +/- 0.79, 3.84 +/- 0.51 end-diastolic volumes [EDV/s]) were significantly reduced compared with those of control subjects and remained so after surgery.
Conclusions: These data suggest that systolic and diastolic function is depressed preoperatively in these patients, remains unchanged after the creation of an atrial-dependent circulation and is associated with an increased systemic vascular resistance. Long-term issues addressing preservation of cardiac function need to be prospectively studied.