Experimental onchocercal keratitis

Parasitol Today. 1996 Jul;12(7):261-7. doi: 10.1016/0169-4758(96)10026-0.


In individuals with onchocerciasis, severe visual impairment (river blindness) occurs as a result of corneal inflammation induced by antigens released from dead and dying Onchocerca volvulus microfilariae. To characterize the underlying immune response, animal models have been developed that partially reproduce many of the clinical features of human onchocercal keratitis, Eric Pearlman here discusses how these studies have identified systemic and local immune responses associated with keratitis, including T helper-cell subset and cytokine responses.