Synergistic interactions between transforming growth factor beta and fibroblast growth factor regulate Schwann cell mitosis

J Neurobiol. 1992 Mar;23(2):143-8. doi: 10.1002/neu.480230205.


Cultured Schwann cells divide in response to a limited repertoire of mitogens. In addition to cyclic AMP analogs and reagents that raise intracellular cyclic AMP, the only purified mitogens for Schwann cells are transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta), acidic (a) and basic (b) fibroblast growth factor (FGF), and the BB and AB dimers of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). Although individually each one of these growth factors is only weakly mitogenic, it is shown here that when TGF beta and bFGF are added to Schwann cell cultures together, they interact to produce a mitogenic response that is much greater than that produced by either growth factor alone. Both the absolute concentration of each protein and the molar ratio of TGF beta to bFGF determines the magnitude of the Schwann cell response.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Drug Synergism
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors / pharmacology*
  • Mitosis / drug effects*
  • Rats
  • Schwann Cells / cytology
  • Schwann Cells / drug effects*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / pharmacology*


  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors