Comparison of echocardiographic features of noncompaction of the left ventricle in adults versus idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy in adults

Am J Cardiol. 2004 Aug 1;94(3):389-91. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2004.04.046.


Noncompaction of left ventricular myocardium (NCLV), or "spongy myocardium," in adults represents an arrest in endomyocardial morphogenesis and occurs as an isolated cardiomyopathy. Because NCLV can be readily mistaken for idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, echocardiographic features other than the structural features of the myocardial wall need to be carefully defined for distinguishing the 2 conditions. This study was therefore designed to characterize the echocardiographic features that could be useful for differentiating NCLV from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / diagnosis
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Echocardiography, Doppler*
  • Female
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Contraction / physiology
  • Myocardium / pathology*
  • Probability
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnosis
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnostic imaging*