Differences in treatment outcome for hepatitis C among ethnic groups

Am J Med. 2004 Aug 1;117(3):163-8. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2004.02.043.

Abstract

Background: Studies of interferon-based therapies for hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients have documented variable response rates according to ethnicity. However, these studies enrolled low numbers of ethnic minorities.

Methods: Data from two multicenter trials of combination therapy for hepatitis C were analyzed to determine predictors of treatment success. The first trial was a randomized study comparing interferon administered three times weekly with daily administration. Patients in both interferon groups received weight-based ribavirin. The second trial was an observational study of daily interferon and ribavirin. Only treatment-naïve patients were included in the analysis. Ethnicity (used as a nonspecific term to include race) was determined by patient self-report. Sustained virologic response was defined as negative HCV RNA by polymerase chain reaction at 24 weeks after completion of therapy.

Results: A total of 661 patients (390 from the randomized trial and 271 from the observational trial) were available for analysis. Sustained virologic response was highest among Asians (61% [22/36]), followed by whites (39% [193/496]), Hispanics (23% [18/79]), and African Americans (14% [7/50]). In a multiple logistic regression model that adjusted for other factors known to affect treatment outcome, including hepatitis C genotype, Asians continued to be more likely to respond to treatment, whereas Hispanics and African Americans were less likely, as compared with whites.

Conclusion: Sustained response rates to interferon and ribavirin therapy differ among ethnic groups. Ethnicity appears to be associated with treatment outcomes, even in a model that adjusts for other factors that influence response to therapy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • African Americans
  • Asian Americans
  • Ethnic Groups*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group
  • Female
  • Hepatitis C, Chronic / drug therapy*
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Humans
  • Interferons / therapeutic use
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Ribavirin / therapeutic use
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Ribavirin
  • Interferons