Neurologic aspects of traumatic brain injury

Int Rev Psychiatry. 2003 Nov;15(4):302-9. doi: 10.1080/09540260310001606683.


Traumatic brain injury is a common neurologic condition that can have a significant emotional and financial burden. Neurologic injury is classified on the basis of initial clinical status by the Glasgow Coma Scale, and also by the type and location of head injury. Complications in the management of these patients are reviewed, ranging from intracranial pressure management and stroke to post-traumatic epilepsy. In addition, predictive prognostic variables that can be used to predict outcome based on a patient's presentation at the time of a head trauma are discussed. Finally, interventions such as induced hypothermia that can be undertaken to try to optimize outcome, are discussed along with current data in support of or against such techniques.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain Injuries / complications*
  • Brain Injuries / diagnosis
  • Brain Injuries / therapy*
  • Epilepsy / diagnosis
  • Epilepsy / etiology
  • Glasgow Coma Scale
  • Headache / diagnosis
  • Headache / etiology
  • Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial / diagnostic imaging
  • Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial / etiology
  • Hematoma, Subdural / diagnostic imaging
  • Hematoma, Subdural / etiology
  • Humans
  • Hypothermia, Induced / methods
  • Intracranial Hypertension / diagnosis
  • Intracranial Hypertension / etiology
  • Skull / diagnostic imaging
  • Skull / injuries
  • Stroke / diagnosis
  • Stroke / etiology
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / diagnosis
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed