Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of irinotecan (CPT-11) in combination with oxaliplatin (L-OHP) as first-line treatment in patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer (AGC).
Patients and methods: Thirty-two patients with AGC who had not received previous therapy for metastatic disease were enrolled. The median age was 62.5 years and the World Health Organization performance status was 0-1 in 29 patients; 13 (40.6%) patients had previous surgery and three (9.4%) had adjuvant chemotherapy. L-OHP (85 mg/m2 as a 2-h i.v. infusion) followed by CPT-11 (200 mg/m2 as a 30-min i.v. infusion) was given on day 1, in cycles of 21 days.
Results: All patients were evaluable for toxicity and 31 were evaluable for response. Complete response was achieved in one (3.1%) patient and a partial response was achieved in 15 (46.9%) [overall response rate = 50% (95% confidence interval 38.7-72.4%)]. Eight (25%) patients had stable disease, and eight (25%) had progressive disease. The median duration of response was 5 months and the median time to disease progression was 5.5 months. After a median follow-up period of 16 months, the median survival time was 8.5 months. Grade 3-4 neutropenia occurred in six (18.6%) patients, febrile neutropenia in two (6.2%) and grade 3 anaemia in one (3.1%). Grade 3 diarrhoea was observed in two (6.2%) patients, grade 1 neurotoxicity in five (15.6%) and grade 3 asthenia in two (6.2%). There was no treatment-related death.
Conclusions: The combination of CPT-11/L-OHP is an active regimen as front-line treatment in AGC with a favourable toxicity profile and deserves further evaluation in randomised studies.
Copyright 2004 European Society for Medical Oncology