Understanding toddlers' in-home injuries: I. Context, correlates, and determinants

J Pediatr Psychol. 2004 Sep;29(6):415-31. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsh046.


Multimethod strategies (i.e., questionnaires, parents' observations, injury-event recording diaries, telephone and home interviews) were used to study in-home injuries experienced by toddlers over a 3-month period. Cuts, scrapes, and puncture wounds were the most common injuries. The majority of injuries affected children's limbs, and injuries most often occurred in the morning. Boys were injured most often in rooms designated for play, and a majority of their injuries followed from misbehavior. Girls were most often injured in nonplay areas of the home, with the majority of injuries occurring during play activities. Boys experienced more frequent and severe injuries than girls, although girls reacted more than boys to their injuries. Child factors relevant to injury included: risk taking, sensation seeking, and ease of behavior management. Temperament factors did not relate to child injury. Parent factors relevant to child injury included parents' beliefs about control over their child's health, protectiveness, and beliefs about child supervision. Regression analyses revealed that both child (i.e., risk taking) and parent (i.e., protectiveness) factors were significant determinants of child injury.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Home / prevention & control*
  • Accidents, Home / statistics & numerical data
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Child Behavior / psychology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mothers / psychology
  • Parenting
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sex Factors
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / prevention & control*