WAVE/Scars in platelets

Blood. 2005 Apr 15;105(8):3141-8. doi: 10.1182/blood-2003-04-1319. Epub 2004 Jul 27.


Using specific antibodies against isoforms of WAVE (WASP [Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein] family Verprolin-homologous protein, also called Scar), we demonstrated that human platelets express all 3 isoforms. With the use of an in vitro pull-down technique, the src homology 3 (SH3) domain of insulin receptor substrate p53 (IRSp53) precipitated WAVE2 from platelet lysates more efficiently than did profilin I. The opposite was true for WAVE1, and neither precipitated WAVE3, suggesting that WAVE isoforms have different affinities to these ligands, while the SH3 domain of abl binds to all 3 isoforms. The 3 WAVE isoforms were distributed in the actin-rich Triton X-100-insoluble pellets following platelet aggregation induced by thrombin receptor-activating peptide. We also found that all 3 WAVE isoforms are substrates for calpain in vivo and in vitro. Although portions of these 3 isoforms were commonly distributed in the actin- and actin-related protein 2 and 3 (Arp2/3)-rich edge of the lamellipodia in spreading platelets, only WAVE2 remained in the cell fringe following detergent extraction or fixation of the cells. Finally, by mass spectrometry, we found that the proteins, which reportedly interact with WAVE/Scars, are present in platelets. These data suggest that the 3 WAVE isoforms exhibit common and distinct features and may potentially be involved in the regulation of actin cytoskeleton in platelets.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actin Cytoskeleton / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Blood Platelets / physiology*
  • COS Cells
  • Calpain / metabolism
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Humans
  • Isomerism
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics*
  • Microfilament Proteins / metabolism*
  • Platelet Aggregation / physiology
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein Family


  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Proteins
  • WASF1 protein, human
  • WASF2 protein, human
  • WASF3 protein, human
  • Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein Family
  • Calpain