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. 1992 Oct;29(10):1237-47.
doi: 10.1016/0161-5890(92)90060-b.

Production of Stable Anti-Digoxin Fv in Escherichia Coli

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Production of Stable Anti-Digoxin Fv in Escherichia Coli

J Anthony et al. Mol Immunol. .

Abstract

We have created a bacterial expression-export system and have used it to express (14 mg l-1) the variable region fragment (Fv) of an anti-digoxin antibody (26-10) in Escherichia coli. The expression-export plasmid contains a T7 promoter and the E. coli signal sequences ompA [Movva et al., J. biol. Chem. 255, 27-29 (1980)] and phoA [Inouye et al., J. Bacteriol. 149, 434-439 (1982)] fused to heavy chain (VH) and light chain (VL) variable region sequences to generate an artificial cistron. The 26-10 Fv protein made using this system was soluble, unlike many other expression systems which produce insoluble proteins in the form of inclusion bodies. The 26-10 VH and VL proteins were cleaved at their mature N-termini and exported into the bacterial periplasm where they could be easily extracted and affinity purified on ouabain-Sepharose. 26-10 Fv bound to digoxin with similar affinity and specificity as the whole 26-10 antibody (Ka for Fv, 1.3 x 10(9) M-1, Ka for IgG, 7 x 10(9) M-1). 26-10 Fv appears to be remarkably stable in comparison with other Fv fragments. The half-life for chain dissociation of 26-10 Fv was 48 hr compared to the reported 1.5 hr half-life of McPC603 Fv. We present the proton NMR spectra of the 26-10 Fv as preliminary evidence that this expression-export system can be used to facilitate the analysis of the solution structure of 26-10 Fv by NMR.

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