[Quality of life of people with schizophrenia in the supported group homes: assessing the individual]

Pflege. 2001 Apr;14(2):106-15. doi: 10.1024/1012-5302.14.2.106.
[Article in German]

Abstract

The study assessed the individual quality of life of people with schizophrenia who live in the supported group homes. Forty residents in seven group homes were interviewed using The Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life: A Direct Weighting Procedure Instrument (SEIQoL-DW). The SEIQoL-DW assesses the individualised QoL using semi-structured interview technique. The definition underpinning the SEIQoL-DW is that a person's QoL is what he or she determines it to be. The respondents defined the areas that are important to them, rated their current situation on each LQ-area as well as the relative importance of each area by using visual analogue scale (VAS 0-100). The mean QoL score was 64.71 (SD 19.05, range 6.81-93.49). A total of 18 QoL areas were formed of 200 individually nominated cues. The areas most frequently nominated by respondents were "human relations", "social life", "work", "leisure time", "finances and other material desires", "quality of living space", "autonomy" and "health". It showed clearly that nominated QoL-areas had for each respondent individual meaning as well as individual importance in his or her life. A positive correlation was found between length of stay in supported home and global quality of life. In addition, the respondents who had lived in supported home for a longer period rated their current situation higher with respect to autonomy, work and finding the meaning of life than respondents with shorter duration of stay. The individual nature of QoL was reflected in differences in QoL-areas defined, differences in levels of satisfaction, and differences in the relative importance of each LQ-area to individuals. The measures were generally acceptable, with all respondents showing great interest and being able of completing the SEIQoL-DW. This study showed also that instruments such as the SEIQoL-DW might have a therapeutic application for people with psychiatric disorders.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Cues
  • Group Homes*
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Quality of Life*
  • Schizophrenic Psychology*