Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening has led to a dramatic increase in prostate cancer detection with a concurrent stage migration. Although the test has revolutionized prostate cancer detection by identifying disease that is potentially curable in the majority of men, only 25% of men receiving test results of PSA > 4 ng/ml will have prostate cancer and many men receiving a normal PSA will have disease, including high-grade disease. There is a need for improved biomarkers for detecting prostate cancer. One such method of cancer detection is surface-enhanced laser desorption and ionization (SELDI). The Early Detection Research Network (EDRN) validation study for SELDI for prostate cancer is described. In a three-stage study, the portability and reproducibility of the technique will be determined; the predictive algorithm will be refined in a multi-institutional case-control population; followed by ultimate validation in the context of a prospective trial with complete disease ascertainment. The unique aspect of the EDRN SELDI validation study is the novel use of two groups of cancer cases: those cases with higher-risk disease (Gleason > or = 7) and those cases with lower-risk disease (Gleason < or = 6). This study will allow the first evaluation of a predictive algorithm that includes prognosis in disease screening. The EDRN SELDI prostate cancer biomarker validation study is a rigorous evaluation of a new detection method for prostate cancer. The methodologies used for this evaluation will prove useful for guiding future biomarker studies in this challenging disease.
Copyright 2004 Elsevier Inc.