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Comparative Study
, 47 (4), 697-704

QTL Detection for Rice Grain Quality Traits Using an Interspecific Backcross Population Derived From Cultivated Asian (O. Sativa L.) and African (O. Glaberrima S.) Rice

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Comparative Study

QTL Detection for Rice Grain Quality Traits Using an Interspecific Backcross Population Derived From Cultivated Asian (O. Sativa L.) and African (O. Glaberrima S.) Rice

Jiming Li et al. Genome.

Abstract

An interspecific advanced backcross population derived from a cross between Oryza sativa "V20A" (a popular male-sterile line used in Chinese rice hybrids) and Oryza glaberrima (accession IRGC No. 103544 from Mali) was used to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with grain quality and grain morphology. A total of 308 BC3F1 hybrid families were evaluated for 16 grain-related traits under field conditions in Changsha, China, and the same families were evaluated for RFLP and SSR marker segregation at Cornell University (Ithaca, N.Y.). Eleven QTL associated with seven traits were detected in six chromosomal regions, with the favorable allele coming from O. glaberrima at eight loci. Favorable O. glaberrima alleles were associated with improvements in grain shape and appearance, resulting in an increase in kernel length, transgressive variation for thinner grains, and increased length to width ratio. Oryza glaberrima alleles at other loci were associated with potential improvements in crude protein content and brown rice yield. These results suggested that genes from O. glaberrima may be useful in improving specific grain quality characteristics in high-yielding O. sativa hybrid cultivars.

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