Correlation of eye color on self-paced and reactive motor performance

Percept Mot Skills. 1992 Aug;75(1):91-5. doi: 10.2466/pms.1992.75.1.91.


Researchers continue to examine the distinctiveness of motor performance by dark- versus light-eyed individuals. Dark-eyed individuals generally perform better at reactive type tasks (boxing, hitting a ball, defensive positions in football, rotary pursuit), while light-eyed individuals perform better at self-paced tasks (bowling, golf, pitching baseballs). Subjects performed two tasks, rotary pursuit and ball tossing (with light and dark background). Eye color (light or dark) and accuracy of performance were recorded for each subject. No significant difference was found between eye color and performance on the pursuit rotor (reactive activity). A significant difference was found between men's and women's performance in throwing a ball (self-paced activity) at a light-colored background.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attention
  • Eye Color*
  • Female
  • Gender Identity
  • Humans
  • Individuality*
  • Internal-External Control
  • Male
  • Orientation
  • Psychomotor Performance*