Salubrious effect of vitamin E supplementation on renal stone forming risk factors in urogenital tuberculosis patients

Ren Fail. 2004 Mar;26(2):135-40. doi: 10.1081/jdi-120038490.


The incidence of renal calculi has been evaluated to be 25% in urogenital tuberculosis patients. The stone could be caused due to the host, the pathogenic organism, or possibly by the treatment. Studies were carried out to find out the efficacy of vitamin E supplementation in reducing the risk of stone formation in renal tuberculosis patients. The study constituted four groups, Group I with 30 normal volunteers, the second group comprised of 36 renal tuberculosis patients (GuTb) a day before treatment. Third group comprised of 24 patients with regular anti tuberculosis drug regimen for sixty days. In the fourth group, 12 patients were treated with anti tuberculosis drug regimen along with supplementation of antioxidant vitamin E (200 mg/day) for sixty days. Hyperuricosuria and hypercalciuria were observed in group II and group III patients, along with increased excretion of oxalate and creatinine, accompanied by decreased excretion of inhibitors such as citrate and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). Renal damage was evident with increased leakage of Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and gamma-Glutamyl transferase (gamma-GT) in renal tuberculosis patients. From the results of the above study, it is obvious that increased urinary oxalate levels leads to cellular damage in GuTb patients, which is a prerequisite for crystal retention as revealed by the elevated urinary marker enzymes. Antioxidant therapy prevents membrane injury thereby reducing the risk of stone formation. Hence vitamin E supplementation has a salubrious effect in preventing stone forming tendency with routine anti tuberculosis drug regimen.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use
  • Biopsy, Needle
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Comorbidity
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Drug Synergism
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Kidney Calculi / drug therapy*
  • Kidney Calculi / epidemiology*
  • Kidney Calculi / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Tuberculosis, Urogenital / drug therapy*
  • Tuberculosis, Urogenital / epidemiology*
  • Tuberculosis, Urogenital / pathology
  • Urinalysis
  • Vitamin E / administration & dosage*


  • Antitubercular Agents
  • Vitamin E