Purpose: To examine whether standardized, preoperative evaluation of pupil sizes can predict the risk of night vision visual disturbances after bilateral laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia.
Methods: A prospective study was carried out involving 46 patients who underwent bilateral LASIK for myopia. Pupil sizes were measured before surgery using an infrared pupillometer under standardized settings. Pre- and postoperative refraction and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) were registered. At the 3-month follow-up visit, the patients completed a questionnaire regarding night vision pre- and postoperatively.
Results: The mean bilateral, spherical equivalent refraction (SE) was - 8.76 D (range 6.32 to - 12.0 D) preoperatively, and - 1.69 D (range 0 to - 4.38 D) postoperatively. The mean bilateral BSCVA was not changed by the operations. We found a significant correlation between large scotopic pupil sizes and the impression of worsened night vision (p < 0.01). A significant correlation between gender (males) and subjectively reduced night vision postoperatively was also found (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Large pupil size measured preoperatively is correlated with an increased frequency of subjectively experienced post-LASIK visual disturbances during scotopic conditions. We recommend preoperative evaluation of pupil size in all patients prior to LASIK surgery.