A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled comparison of the effect of nitrofurantoin monohydrate macrocrystals on the development of urinary tract infections after surgery for pelvic organ prolapse and/or stress urinary incontinence with suprapubic catheterization

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Jul;191(1):182-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2004.03.088.


Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine if antibiotic prophylaxis with nitrofurantoin monohydrate macrocrystals (study drug) after pelvic organ prolapse and/or urinary incontinence surgery with suprapubic catheterization (SPC) decreases urinary tract infection (uti) compared with placebo in a randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial.

Study design: Six centers participated in this study. After a negative preoperative urine culture, history, surgical and postoperative course, urine culture and symptoms at SPC removal, and at 6 to 8 weeks postoperative, any other UTI and adherence were recorded. To demonstrate a 50% decrease in the bacteruria rate from 20%, with 80% power and alpha of 0.05, 438 patients were required. Data were evaluated with Student t test and Fisher exact test.

Results: Of 449 patients enrolled, 211 randomized to study drug, and 224 randomized to placebo. No pre- or perioperative differences existed between groups (all P>.05). Antibiotic prophylaxis decreased positive urine cultures compared with placebo (46% vs 61%, P=.002), symptomatic UTI at SPC removal (7.2% vs 19.8%, P=.001), and any other symptomatic UTI 6 to 8 weeks postoperatively (18.9% vs 32.6%, P=.002). Antibiotic prophylaxis did not decrease symptomatic UTI at the 6- to 8-week postoperative visit (1.8% vs 5.4%, P=.10).

Conclusion: Antibiotic prophylaxis with nitrofurantoin monohydrate macrocrystals decreases UTI compared with placebo after pelvic organ prolapse and/or urinary incontinence surgery with suprapubic catheterization.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary / therapeutic use*
  • Antibiotic Prophylaxis*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Middle Aged
  • Nitrofurantoin / therapeutic use*
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Urinary Catheterization
  • Urinary Incontinence, Stress / surgery*
  • Urinary Tract Infections / prevention & control*
  • Uterine Prolapse / surgery*


  • Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
  • Nitrofurantoin