Multifaceted roles of cyclooxygenase-2 in lung cancer

Drug Resist Updat. 2004 Jun;7(3):169-84. doi: 10.1016/j.drup.2004.04.003.


Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Although the low 5-year survival rate (under 15%) has changed minimally in the last 25 years, new agents and combinations of agents that target tumor proliferation, invasion, and survival may lead to improvement in patient outcomes. There is evidence that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is overexpressed in lung cancer and promotes tumor proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis, and resistance to apoptosis. COX-2 inhibitors have been found to inhibit tumor growth in animal models and have demonstrated responses when combined with conventional therapy in phase II clinical trials. Further understanding of the mechanisms involved in COX-2-mediated tumorigenesis and its interaction with other molecules in lung cancer may lead to improved therapeutic strategies for this disease. In addition, delineation of how COX-2-dependent genes modulate the malignant phenotype will provide novel insights in lung cancer pathogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antigen-Presenting Cells / physiology
  • Apoptosis
  • Cyclooxygenase 2
  • Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Cytokines / physiology
  • ErbB Receptors / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes / physiology*
  • Lung Neoplasms / etiology*
  • Lung Neoplasms / immunology
  • Lung Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / etiology
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases / physiology*


  • Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
  • Cytokines
  • Isoenzymes
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Cyclooxygenase 2
  • PTGS2 protein, human
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
  • ErbB Receptors