Crystal structure of the nuclear effector of Notch signaling, CSL, bound to DNA

EMBO J. 2004 Sep 1;23(17):3441-51. doi: 10.1038/sj.emboj.7600349. Epub 2004 Aug 5.

Abstract

Notch signaling is a conserved pathway of communication between neighboring cells that results in cell fate specification, and CSL is the universal transcriptional effector of Notch signaling. The Notch intracellular domain translocates to the nucleus after proteolytic release upon Notch extracellular engagement, and there it displaces corepressors from DNA-bound CSL and recruits activators of Notch target genes. Here we report the 2.85 A crystal structure of CSL with a target DNA. CSL comprises three structurally integrated domains: its amino (NTD)- and carboxy (CTD)-terminal domains are strikingly similar to those of Rel transcription factors, but a surprising beta-trefoil domain (BTD) is inserted between them. CSL-bound DNA is recognized specifically by conserved residues from NTD and BTD. A hydrophobic pocket on BTD is identified as the likely site of Notch interaction with CSL, which has functional implications for the mechanism of Notch signaling.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins / chemistry*
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins / genetics
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins / metabolism
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • DNA, Recombinant / chemistry
  • DNA, Recombinant / genetics
  • DNA, Recombinant / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Drosophila Proteins / chemistry
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin J Recombination Signal Sequence-Binding Protein
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Nuclear Proteins / chemistry
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Protein Folding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, Notch
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Repressor Proteins / chemistry
  • Repressor Proteins / genetics
  • Repressor Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Static Electricity

Substances

  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins
  • DNA, Recombinant
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Immunoglobulin J Recombination Signal Sequence-Binding Protein
  • LAG-1 protein, C elegans
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RBPJ protein, human
  • Receptors, Notch
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Su(H) protein, Drosophila

Associated data

  • PDB/1TTU