Violence is not an intractable social problem or an inevitable part of the human condition. We can do much to address and prevent it. The world has not yet fully measured the size of the task and does not yet have all the tools to carry it out. But the global knowledge base is growing and much useful experience has already been gained. The World Report on Violence and Health attempts to contribute to that knowledge base. It is hoped that the report will inspire and facilitate increased cooperation, innovation and commitment to preventing violence around the world. These are the recommendations of the World Report on Violence and Health: Create, implement and monitor a national action plan for violence prevention. Enhance capacity for collecting data on violence. Define priorities for, and support research on the causes, consequences, costs and prevention of violence. Promote primary prevention responses. Strengthen responses for victims of violence. Integrate violence prevention into social and educational policies, and thereby promote gender and social equality. Increase collaboration and exchange of information on violence prevention. Promote and monitor adherence to international treaties, laws and other mechanisms to protect human rights. Seek practical, internationally-agreed responses to the global drugs trade and the global arms trade.