Echocardiographic findings and clinical features of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm after mitral valve replacement

Am Heart J. 1992 Oct;124(4):975-82. doi: 10.1016/0002-8703(92)90981-z.


We studied the echocardiographic findings and clinical features of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm after mitral valve replacement. From December 1979 to March 1991, 1050 patients underwent mitral valve replacement at our institute, and eight patients (0.8%) had left ventricular pseudoaneurysm. In all eight patients, left ventricular pseudoaneurysm developed after the second mitral valve replacement. The incidence of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm among 253 patients who had had previous mitral valve surgery was 3.1%. Seven of the eight patients were still alive and were followed up from 5 to 136 months (mean, 57 months) after the development of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm; these patients had no complications. One patient died as a result of low cardiac output after mitral valve replacement in spite of repair of the left ventricular pseudoaneurysm. This patient had a long and wide myocardial laceration near the left ventricular pseudoaneurysm. In the other seven patients, transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated a large extraventricular cavity along the posterobasal left ventricle. In five of these patients, a turbulent flow in the neck of the left ventricular pseudoaneurysm was recorded both in systole and diastole by pulsed and color Doppler echocardiography. Transesophageal echocardiography clearly showed the narrow neck of the left ventricular pseudoaneurysm and an abnormal flow between the left ventricle and the left ventricular pseudoaneurysm. Generally, when left ventricular pseudoaneurysm develops after mitral valve replacement, surgical repair is the first choice of therapy. Our study demonstrated, however, that the development of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm was not always associated with a poor prognosis without surgical intervention.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Echocardiography*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging*
  • Heart Aneurysm / epidemiology
  • Heart Aneurysm / etiology*
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Mitral Valve
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis / surgery
  • Prognosis
  • Reoperation
  • Ventricular Function, Left / physiology