. The crystal structure of a ternary complex containing the catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase, ATP and a 20-residue inhibitor peptide was refined at a resolution of 2.2 A to an R value of 0.177. In order to identify the metal binding sites, the crystals, originally grown in the presence of low concentrations of Mg(2+), were soaked in Mn(2+). Two Mn(2+) ions were identified using an anomalous Fourier map. One Mn(2+) ion bridges the gamma- and beta-phosphates and interacts with Asp184 and two water molecules. The second Mn(2+) ion interacts with the side chains of Asn171 and Asp l84 as well as with a water molecule. Modeling a serine into the P site of the inhibitor peptide suggests a mechanism for phosphotransfer.