In order to evaluate the clinical utility of non-enhanced CT with perfusion and angio CT in the assessment of acute ischaemic stroke, 42 patients with symptoms of acute stroke were examined within the first 6 h from onset of symptoms with non-enhanced CT (NECT), perfusion CT (PCT) and CT angiography (CTA). Maps of cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV) and mean transit time (MTT) were analysed visually, and after drawing regions of interest (ROIs) in the territory of anterior, middle and posterior cerebral arteries, maximum-intensity projection and volume-rendering images of the cervical and cerebral vessels were created. All patients underwent a control CT or MR examination 24-48 h after the initial examination. Twenty-nine patients developed an area of infarction at control examinations. Significant perfusion abnormalities were found in 27 cases, whilst in two patients the perfusion studies were considered to be normal. All the cases with perfusion abnormalities showed arterial stenoses or occlusions on angio CT. Small infarctions at levels other than the ones selected for perfusion CT, and arteriosclerotic changes, were observed in the two cases with no perfusion abnormalities. In conclusion, combining non-enhanced CT with PCT and CTA is a simple and a very valuable tool in the initial assessment of acute stroke.