Models of Advance Directives in Mental Health Care: Stakeholder Views

Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2004 Aug;39(8):673-80. doi: 10.1007/s00127-004-0788-7.


Objective: The aim of this study was to examine perceptions of the place of advance directives in mental health care.

Methods: Postal survey of stakeholders was carried out to assess their views on different models of advance directives in mental health care. A total of 473 responded.

Results: In all, 28% of psychiatrists thought advance directives were needed compared to 89% of voluntary organisations and above two-thirds of the other stakeholder groups. There were clear tensions between patient "autonomy" and "right to treatment" which underpin many of the concerns raised. Autonomy provided by advance directive can be contrasted with a co-operative partnership approach to advance planning. The legal status of advance directives is important for some people in relation to treatment refusal. There was general concern about the practical issues surrounding their implementation.

Conclusion: There is a wide range of views in all stakeholder groups about the possible form advance directives should take. Although there is a widespread desire to increase patient involvement in treatment decisions, which advance directives could possibly help to realise, they may also have unwanted consequences for mental health services and individuals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Advance Directives / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • England
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Mental Health Services / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Patient Rights / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Personal Autonomy*
  • Psychiatry / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Scotland
  • Treatment Refusal / legislation & jurisprudence