EST analysis of mRNAs expressed during embryogenesis in Gallus gallus

Int J Dev Biol. 2004 Jun;48(4):333-7. doi: 10.1387/ijdb.031775ej.


Chicken Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) were analyzed to identify genes associated with myogenesis during embryonic development. A total of 6,184 ESTs were generated from three cDNA libraries constructed from whole embryos (Stage 26), somites associated with neural tube (Stage 15), and limb buds (Stages 21, 24 and 26). Clustering and assembly of 4,998 valid ESTs resulted in 2,329 unique sequences with 902 clusters (38.7%) and 1,427 singletons (61.3%). There are more than 400,000 chicken ESTs available at GenBank and we were able to identify 143 novel sequences. From these, 45 sequences found either a human EST homolog or a match with conserved regions among proteins. Most of these sequences were found to be expressed in somites, an important tissue for muscle development and not characterized before. This study revealed the value of micro dissected embryonic libraries for describing gene expression profiles associated with myogenesis and gene discovery.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chick Embryo
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Expressed Sequence Tags
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Gene Library
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Myoblasts, Skeletal / cytology
  • Myoblasts, Skeletal / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • Species Specificity


  • DNA, Complementary
  • RNA, Messenger

Associated data

  • GENBANK/CD760792
  • GENBANK/CD765430