Alcohol-related morbidity and mortality

Alcohol Res Health. 2003;27(1):39-51.


Alcohol use is related to a wide variety of negative health outcomes including morbidity, mortality, and disability. Research on alcohol-related morbidity and mortality takes into account the varying effects of overall alcohol consumption and drinking patterns. The results from this epidemiological research indicate that alcohol use increases the risk for many chronic health consequences (e.g., diseases) and acute consequences (e.g., traffic crashes), but a certain pattern of regular light-to-moderate drinking may have beneficial effects on coronary heart disease. Several issues are relevant to the methodology of studies of alcohol-related morbidity and mortality, including the measurement of both alcohol consumption and the outcomes studied as well as study design. Broad summary measures that reflect alcohol's possible effects on morbidity, mortality, and disability may be more useful than measures of any one outcome alone.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
  • Alcohol-Induced Disorders / epidemiology
  • Alcohol-Induced Disorders / mortality
  • Alcoholic Beverages / classification
  • Chronic Disease / epidemiology
  • Coronary Disease / prevention & control
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Humans
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors