We have analyzed transcription profiles in peripheral blood CD3(+) cells from patients with allergic diseases to better understand the genes that are involved. Transcription levels of the gene KIAA0603/AS160 in CD3(+) cells from patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) were significantly higher than in normal individuals. The KIAA0603 gene encodes a 1299 amino acid protein with two phosphotyrosine interaction domains at the N-terminal region and a TBC domain at the C-terminal region. The region containing the TBC domain has a 31% homology to human rab6 GTPase activating protein (GAP). When human primary CD3(+) cells were stimulated with anti-CD3 or calcium ionophore, the KIAA0603 transcript level was upregulated. The marked upregulation of KIAA0607 was accompanied by activation induced cell death of primary CD3+ cells. KIAA0603 is likely to be a Rab GAP that participates in the regulation of activated T cells, especially helper memory T cells. Expression of KIAA0603 in T cells may be involved in pathogenesis of AD.