Hepatic actinomycosis is an uncommon entity that forms communicating abscesses and fistulae. We report a 53-y-old immunocompetent male patient with hepatic actinomycosis. Symptoms included intermittent fever, abdominal pain, right upper quadrant tenderness and jaundice. A hepatic tumour mass was found on abdominal sonography and computerized tomography. Two preoperative percutaneous core biopsies of the mass were not diagnostic. The above findings were highly suggestive for liver abscess or purulent primary liver neoplasm. Treatment with intravenous antibiotics was continued for 20 d, but both symptoms and liver ultrasound findings remained unchanged. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy and right posterior segmentectomy of the liver. Pathological examination of the surgically removed specimen disclosed hepatic actinomycosis. Following operation the patient remains in excellent condition without evidence of recurrence.