Dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetes

Med Clin North Am. 2004 Jul;88(4):897-909, x. doi: 10.1016/j.mcna.2004.04.004.

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with a cluster of lipid abnormalities:elevated plasma triglycerides, reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and smaller and denser low-density lipoproteins,which have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Insulin resistance may contribute to dyslipidemia associated with type 2 diabetes by increasing hepatic secretion of large,triglyceride-rich very low-density lipoprotein particles and by impairing the clearance of lipoprotein particles from plasma. Lifestyle interventions may be effective in improving the diabetic dyslipidemia syndrome. For patients who do not respond to lifestyle changes, pharmacologic therapies (lipid-lowering medications and anti-diabetic agents) are available. Clinical trials demonstrate that the use of such pharmaceutics to treat diabetic dyslipidemia concomitantly reduces the risk of coronary artery disease.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose / drug effects
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
  • Comorbidity
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diagnosis
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / drug therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias / diagnosis
  • Hyperlipidemias / drug therapy*
  • Hyperlipidemias / epidemiology*
  • Hypoglycemic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Hypolipidemic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Assessment
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Hypoglycemic Agents
  • Hypolipidemic Agents