Nonoperative and operative management of snapping scapula

Am J Sports Med. 2004 Sep;32(6):1554-65. doi: 10.1177/0363546504268790.


Snapping scapula is a painful crepitus of the scapulothoracic articulation. This crepitus is a grinding or snapping noise with scapulothoracic motion that may or may not accompany pain. This condition is commonly seen in overhead-throwing athletes. Treatment of patients with this syndrome begins with nonoperative methods; when nonoperative treatment fails, several surgical options exist. This article will discuss both nonoperative and operative management of this common shoulder condition.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / pathology*
  • Athletic Injuries / rehabilitation
  • Athletic Injuries / surgery*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Muscle Weakness / rehabilitation
  • Noise*
  • Pain / etiology*
  • Physical Examination
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Scapula / pathology*
  • Scapula / surgery*
  • Syndrome