Structural relationship of lithocholic acid derivatives binding to the N-terminal 8-kDa domain of DNA polymerase beta

Biochemistry. 2004 Aug 24;43(33):10669-77. doi: 10.1021/bi049307r.


We reported previously that lithocholic acid (LCA, 3-alpha-hydroxy-5-beta-cholan-24-oic acid), one of the major compounds in the secondary bile acids, selectively inhibited the activity of mammalian DNA polymerase beta (pol beta) [Mizushina, Y., Ohkubo, T., Sugawara, F., and Sakaguchi, K. (2000) Biochemistry 39, 12606-12613]. The purpose of this study was to investigate the molecular structural relationship of LCA and its 10 chemically synthesized derivatives. The inhibitory activities of pol beta by some derivative compounds were stronger than that by LCA, and these compounds bound tightly to the 8-kDa domain fragment but not to the 31-kDa domain fragment of pol beta. Biacore analysis demonstrated that the 8-kDa domain bound selectively to compound 9 (3-alpha-O-lauroyl-5-beta-cholan-24-oic acid), which was the strongest pol beta inhibitor tested, as a 1:1 complex with a dissociation constant (K(d)) of 1.73 nM. From computer modeling analysis (i.e., molecular dynamics analysis), the 8-kDa domain had two inhibitor binding areas. Three amino acid residues (Lys60, Leu77, and Thr79) of the 8-kDa domain bound to LCA and compound 2 (3-alpha-methoxy-5-beta-cholan-24-oic acid), and four amino acid residues (Leu11, Lys35, His51, and Thr79) of the 8-kDa domain bound to compound 9. From these results, the structure-function relationship among pol beta and its selective inhibitors was discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Computer Simulation
  • DNA Polymerase beta / antagonists & inhibitors
  • DNA Polymerase beta / chemistry*
  • DNA Polymerase beta / metabolism
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Lithocholic Acid / chemistry*
  • Lithocholic Acid / metabolism
  • Lithocholic Acid / pharmacology
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Structure
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Rats


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Lithocholic Acid
  • DNA Polymerase beta