Urinary tract infection in children: etiology and epidemiology

Urol Clin North Am. 2004 Aug;31(3):517-26, ix-x. doi: 10.1016/j.ucl.2004.04.016.


The urinary tract is a relatively common site of infection in infants and young children. Urinary tract infection (UTI) may result in significant acute morbidity, as well as longterm medical complications. Recent advances elucidating the pathogen-host interaction have broadened the understanding of the pathogenesis and clinical progression of pediatric UTI. This article focuses on the epidemiology and pathogenesis of pediatric UTI, and briefly discusses UTI-related complications.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacteriuria / epidemiology
  • Child
  • Fimbriae, Bacterial
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Urinary Tract Infections / classification
  • Urinary Tract Infections / diagnosis
  • Urinary Tract Infections / epidemiology
  • Urinary Tract Infections / etiology*
  • Urologic Diseases / complications