Transcription of dbpA, a Y box binding protein, is positively regulated by E2F1: implications in hepatocarcinogenesis

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Sep 10;322(1):297-302. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.04.208.


Human hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in the world. We previously showed that dbpA, a member of the Y box family of proteins, could accelerate the process of inflammation-induced hepatocarcinogenesis, and that dbpA is more abundantly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma than in non-tumorous tissue. In this study, to clarify the mechanism by which expression of dbpA is enhanced in the proliferative state, we examined the transcriptional activity of the dbpA promoter region. We focused on the sequence 5'-TTTGGGGC-3' (-8 to -1 in the promoter region) resembling the E2F binding site (one base mismatch, TFSEARCH score 86.2). By overexpressing E2F1 in Huh-7 cells, transcriptional activity of dbpA was significantly increased, and this increase was abolished by mutating or deleting this sequence. Thus, expression of dbpA was positively regulated by E2F1, suggesting that one of the effects of E2F1 on cell proliferation might be mediated by dbpA at the carcinogenesis step.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / metabolism*
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • E2F Transcription Factors
  • E2F1 Transcription Factor
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics
  • Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism*
  • Hepatectomy
  • Humans
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Liver / surgery
  • Liver Neoplasms / genetics
  • Liver Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transcriptional Activation*


  • CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • E2F Transcription Factors
  • E2F1 Transcription Factor
  • E2F1 protein, human
  • E2f1 protein, mouse
  • Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • YBX3 protein, human