Purpose: To investigate the possible relationship between temperature and water absorption in acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs).
Setting: Laboratory setting, Miyata Eye Clinic, Hiroshima, Japan.
Methods: The equilibrium water content (amount of water absorbed per weight of the resin x 100) in 2 hydrophobic acrylic IOLs (AcrySof MA60BM [Alcon] and Sensar AR40 [AMO]) was calculated at 30 degrees C, 40 degrees C, and 50 degrees C. The 2 IOLs were also subjected to 3 changes in temperature: from 37 degrees C to 35 degrees C, 39 degrees C to 35 degrees C, and 41 degrees C to 35 degrees C. They were incubated in physiological saline at the higher temperature for 2 hours and at the lower temperature for 30 days before being examined for glistening formation.
Results: The water content was higher in the AR40 IOL than in the MA60BM IOL at all temperatures. A temperature-dependent increase in water content was seen in both IOLs, greater in the MA60BM. With a temperature change from 37 degrees C to 35 degrees C, glistening formation was not observed in either IOL. With a temperature change from 39 degrees C to 35 degrees C, glistenings were observed in the MA60BM IOL, and with a temperature change from 41 degrees C to 35 degrees C, they were observed in both IOLs.
Conclusion: The change in the equilibrium water content caused by temperature changes between 30 degrees C and 40 degrees C is an important factor in glistening formation, and thus an IOL featuring less temperature-dependent water absorption is less likely to form glistenings.