Interactions between the megakaryocyte/platelet-specific beta1 tubulin and the secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor SLPI suggest a role for regulated proteolysis in platelet functions

Blood. 2004 Dec 15;104(13):3949-57. doi: 10.1182/blood-2004-03-1179. Epub 2004 Aug 17.


Platelet-restricted beta1 tubulin is required for optimal thrombopoiesis and discoid cell shape. To identify interacting factors, we used the divergent beta1-tubulin C-terminus as the bait in a yeast 2-hybrid screen of megakaryocyte (MK) cDNAs. We isolated secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI), a serine protease antagonist characterized principally as a secreted factor with multiple roles in inflammation. SLPI is expressed in MKs and platelets in 2 discrete compartments. One pool resides in punctate cytoplasmic structures, whereas a significant fraction localizes along peripheral microtubules (MTs) and is lost with cold-induced MT disruption or in beta1 tubulin(-/-) platelets. These findings reveal unexpected interaction between a prominent cytoskeletal protein and an inhibitor of proteolysis. SLPI(-/-) mice show intact proplatelet formation, platelet numbers and shape, and marginal MT bands; thus, SLPI is not essential for thrombopoiesis. However, SLPI is released upon platelet activation, which also reverses its association with the resting marginal band. Platelet SLPI inhibits neutrophil elastase, an activity that is reduced when beta1 tubulin is absent. We conclude that SLPI localizes in part along the MK and platelet MT cytoskeleton by virtue of specific interactions with beta1 tubulin. SLPI may thus have unanticipated roles in MK and platelet functions, including regulated proteolysis after activation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blood Coagulation
  • Blood Platelets / enzymology
  • Blood Platelets / physiology*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Homeostasis
  • Humans
  • Leukocyte Elastase / metabolism
  • Megakaryocytes / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Peptide Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Proteinase Inhibitory Proteins, Secretory
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Secretory Leukocyte Peptidase Inhibitor
  • Tubulin / genetics*


  • DNA Primers
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Proteinase Inhibitory Proteins, Secretory
  • Proteins
  • SLPI protein, human
  • Secretory Leukocyte Peptidase Inhibitor
  • Slpi protein, mouse
  • Tubulin
  • Peptide Hydrolases
  • Leukocyte Elastase